Plants enliven any surrounding and being around nature rejuvenates us. Therefore, it makes perfect sense to come up with ways to include plants in your living or working space no matter how small it is. Vertical development led to a decrease in gardens and consequently planted around us. Gardens not only provide a refreshing look and improve the aesthetics, but they are also a perfect place to grow your fresh herbs. When there is little to no space but a requirement for a garden, then vertical gardens are a great substitute. They take no extra space and provide you with much of what you were missing in terms of a garden. A variety of plants can be grown in a vertical garden that provides you with a much-needed respite from the monotony of the modern-day structures.
There are unique structures that can help you set up a vertical garden at your home or office. The technique of hydroponics has made it even easier to maintain such gardens. It is not like you won’t have to look after the upkeep of a vertical garden; these gardens also require pruning and weeding, removing dead leaves and sometimes even plant replacement. Hydroponics may have made it easier to maintain a vertical garden, but it cannot deal with all the other gardening tasks as just mentioned. Let’s take a look at what are the best plants to grow in your vertical garden.
The most common and in many cases the safest choice for a vertical garden are the climbing vines. They require no special care except periodical pruning and significantly improve the aesthetics of your entrance wall or your terrace. Not only is it beautiful, but it provides you with a healthy dose of oxygen as well. There are a variety of climbing vines that can turn a small space into a garden. If you have an area that is easier to clean up or you want a vine on an outdoor wall, then you can opt for flowering vines as well. If you are looking for a light annual flowering vine, then you can opt for the cardinal climber, cypress vine, moonflower and scarlet runner bean. These are the types of vines that grow best in the sun and thus would look their best on an outdoor wall that receives sunlight throughout the day.
If you are looking for perennial vines for your vertical garden, then you can go for ivy, clematis hybrids, or American bittersweet. These perennial vines also grow best in the sun where the roots grow best in the shade and the flowers in the sun.
If the purpose of your vertical garden is to have some shade in your house or your living space, then you can get shady vines such as hardy kiwi, chocolate vine and climbing hydrangea.
Vertical gardens having vines are a safe and easy choice, especially if you do not have enough time to dedicate to gardening but still want to be around plants. If you love gardening and have time on your hands, then you can always explore other options for vertical gardens.
Herbs and Edible Plants
Options can be endless if you know where to look, what to look for, and your creative juices are flowing. If you have a love for gardening and a passion for having your garden then even a wall can be enough for you to have your fresh supply of herbs. A vertical herb garden is not only aesthetically pleasing, but it also ensures that your meals are topped up with aromatic herbs straight from the soil. Setting up a vertical herb garden requires initial effort in terms of setting up a convenient wall for your potted plants, but once that is done, the rest is just like tending any other house task. The shelves, wall hangers and a variety of hanging mechanisms can be easily adapted in a small space to create a modern-day garden. One thing that should be considered is that if you are setting up an indoor hanging mechanism, then make sure it is in an area that receives sunlight for the most of the day. Alternatively, set up a vertical herb garden right outside your kitchen wall is the best space.
Apart from the fresh herbs, you can also plant edible plants such as kiwi, gooseberries, vining nasturtiums, peas, squash, lettuce, eggplants, strawberries and tomatoes in potted plants and hang them either on the shelves or use any other hanging contraption. They require a little more care than herbs but having a fresh supply of these is worth the effort. Moreover, these plants look beautiful in a vertical garden.
Potted plants may be the most common image associated with a vertical garden, as they are a modern-day concept. However, vertical gardens based on columnar plants have been around since ages. You need an outdoor space for these, but only a little space is enough to plant columnar trees like columnar apple trees, arborvitae, junipers and Lombardy poplars. This kind of garden can be especially beneficial if you live in a warmer climate and having such trees can provide the much-needed buffering effect. Not only that the air that you are breathing is also filtered by such kind of plants. Columnar trees can be found in a lot of old-style houses. If you are a bird lover or sound the love of chirping birds, then consider having a garden with columnar plants.
A garden without flowers seems incomplete, and a vertical garden is no different. There are climbing vines that are flowering, but there are a certain variety of flowers that create a specific ambience not to mention the fragrance and the pop of colour against a drab background. The flowering plants can be potted in plants and hung in a vertical formation on a wall or fixed to a wall through the shelves to create a flowering wall effect. Some flowers that can be an excellent addition to a vertical garden include pansies, moss rose, begonias, celosia, orchids, marigolds, petunias, impatiens, and zinnia. If the different pots contain flowers of a different colour or each row has flowers of the same type, then it will create an aesthetically pleasing effect.
In addition to the plants mentioned above, some plants are preferred for their health benefits such as purifying the air, improving the air quality or dehumidification. These include Spider plant, peace lily, rosemary, English ivy, aloe vera, snake plant and lavender.
Vertical gardens can be used for aesthetic as well as practical purposes. Whether you want to have a garden for both or one purpose, it is up to you how you design and manage your limited space to accommodate the plants.