Prostate cancer screening is a test meant to check for the presence of cancer symptoms. The goal is to find cancer cells that may spread to other parts if not treated. If you have questions about a prostate cancer screening, consider seeking help from Lady Lake men’s health.
Prostate-Specific Antigen Test
This is a common option for cancer screening. It is a blood test that measures the PSA levels in the blood. If you have prostate cancer, your PSA levels will be higher than usual. However, high PSA levels may also be an indication of other health conditions. Factors that may affect your PSA levels include race, age, prostate infections, certain medication, an enlarged prostate, and some medical procedures. Your doctor will interpret your results depending on your specific situation. They may recommend a biopsy to test for prostate cancer.
Digital Rectal Examination
This is a test where your doctor examines your rectum. With gloves and some lubrication, they insert a finger up your rectum and feel for abnormalities. The exam is generally painless. However, there may be mild pain or discomfort if you have an enlarged prostate. If you have any lumps or hard areas, you need further testing. Your doctor may recommend that you get a biopsy.
Even though the test has been used for some time now, a 2018 study by the United States Preventive Service Task Force suggests that it is not recommendable.
What Are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
Even though the symptoms of prostate cancer vary from one man to another, some of them are common. They include:
- The presence of blood in semen or urine
- Trouble starting urination
- Back or pelvis pain that does not go away
- Frequent urination especially at night
- Weak urine flow
- A burning sensation when urinating
- Painful ejaculation
- An onset of erectile dysfunction
- Swelling in the feet
If you have any of these symptoms, you should seek medical intervention as soon as possible. Even though they may result from other issues, your doctor will help rule out the possibility of prostate cancer.
Why Is Prostate Cancer Screening Important?
The most important benefit of screening is to detect the presence of cancers before they spread to other parts of your body. Early treatment reduces your risk of death. Prostate cancer is the United States’ most commonly diagnosed cancer. If you test positive, you can start preparing for treatment.
Some men have an increased risk of prostate cancer. They include African American men, men aged 40 or older, and those with a family history of prostate cancer.
Doctors can now tell the difference between low-risk and high-risk prostate cancers. If you have low-risk cancer, it can be managed with active surveillance. If you are concerned about the results of your test, this option may put your mind at ease.
In conclusion, prostate cancer is a threat to many men. However, regular screening makes it possible to detect it and seek treatment. Even though screening can be scary and uncomfortable, it might save your life.