Ovarian vein embolization is a treatment modality for pelvic congestion syndrome which is a condition caused by varicose veins and enlargement of pelvic veins inside the pelvis. Pelvic congestion syndrome results after the valves inside the veins become faulty and allow blood to flow backward and pool in the pelvic veins. In Sugar Land, TX, many women struggle with chronic pain as a result of pelvic congestion syndrome.
The ovarian vein embolization procedure is minimally invasive and is highly effective in treatment of Sugar Land pelvic congestion syndrome, and is safer than open surgery. Before undergoing the procedure, the doctor will take a thorough medical history to rule out any underlying conditions that can put you at risk. The doctor will also do a physical examination and order some tests to check whether you qualify for the procedure.
How Do You Prepare for the Ovarian Vein Embolization Procedure?
Before the procedure, you should visit a qualified doctor who will explain the procedure to you. Learn about the benefits and risks of the procedure, and the possible outcomes. The doctor will ask you about any chronic condition that you have that may affect the outcome of the procedure. You should make your doctor aware about your pregnancy status because some imaging tests can affect the fetus.
If you have a history of an adverse reaction from anesthesia or contrast media, do not withhold this information from the doctor because some adverse effects have fatal outcomes. Let the doctor know of the medications that you are on currently because some medications, like blood thinners, can put you at risk of excessive bleeding. Your doctor will most likely advise you to stop taking the blood thinners a few days before the procedure. The doctor will also advise you to stop taking vitamin E, NSAIDs, and aspirin.
The doctor will order blood tests to rule out anemia and infections. The doctor also orders liver function tests because the liver will metabolize the anesthetic medications. Kidney function tests are also important to confirm whether the kidneys can excrete the anesthesia and other drugs after the procedure. Quit smoking before the procedure if you are a smoker because smoking delays healing.
How Is Ovarian Vein Embolization Done?
This procedure is done by an interventional radiologist in the operating room who inserts a catheter through your femoral vein to the congested veins. The doctor uses an X-ray to visualize the procedure. The doctor then injects an embolic agent through the catheter to the target site. This embolic agent blocks the blood vessel temporarily or permanently and allows the body to completely heal. Permanent embolization is preferred for conditions that can recur if the agent is absorbed like tumors.
The length of the procedure varies from half an hour to hours, depending on the severity of your condition. After the procedure, the catheter is removed and the doctor applies pressure on the artery to curb any bleeding and then closes the opening. The anesthesia is then reversed. You will need bed rest for the first eight hours after the procedure.
What Are the Benefits of this Procedure?
Ovarian vein embolization is minimally invasive and therefore the duration of the procedure is short. You will not form large scars after the procedure as you would if you had open surgery. The recovery time is short. The risk of blood loss is greatly reduced with this procedure. The procedure has a success rate of 85% and is suitable for people who do not qualify for open surgery.
Ovarian Vein Embolization is a minimally invasive procedure that treats pelvic congestion syndrome that causes pain and is caused by a failure of the valves that causes backflow of blood and pooling inside the pelvis. This procedure is safe and avoids the complications of open surgery like scarring and long recovery time.