Vascular problems can affect anyone, but especially those with a history of cardiovascular disease in the family. If you are one of them, you should visit an Aventura vascular problems specialist for assistance.
A vascular disorder is any condition that affects your blood vessels. The body uses blood vessels to circulate blood with necessary nutrients and is an extensive network.
When the blood vessels are affected, it can turn deadly very fast. Anyone is at the risk of vascular diseases and they are slowly becoming an epidemic in the United States.
The following are the most common types of vascular disorders you will find:
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is the most prevalent form of vascular disorder in existence. It affects roughly 78 million Americans today.
High blood pressure is caused by the narrowing of the blood vessels which causes the blood inside them to travel through increased pressure. High blood pressure causes other organs to malfunction and also damages the body’s blood vessels.
There are certain conditions that exacerbate high blood pressure such as obesity or heart conditions. If your heart is not strong enough to pump blood through your body due to high cholesterol levels or poor cardiac capacity, then it will make it up by increasing blood pressure, resulting in devastating consequences.
The good news is that high blood pressure is usually alleviated by lifestyle changes, for example, diet and exercise.
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
Peripheral Artery/Vascular Disease is caused by the gradual thickening of blood vessels as a result of plaque buildup. The plaque can narrow or block the blood vessels which reduces circulation to a certain part of the body.
You will often hear PAD referred to as hardening of the arteries. If the plaque particles get dislodged and travel through the circulatory system, it can cause blockage of smaller blood vessels and result in a stroke or death.
PAD patients often do not experience symptoms of the disease until it is too extensive. However, when the symptoms appear, they can be quite severe.
When you have a bulge in a blood vessel, it is said that you have an aneurysm. An aneurysm can happen to any blood vessel and affect any part of the body.
Small aneurysms often cause little trouble. It is when they grow that they become dangerous. When it gets large enough to press other organs, that is when they become painful.
An aneurysm is dangerous because it puts you at risk of other complications. Plaque can build up in an area that can infect the blood. It can also lead to a blood clot which has its own set of adverse effects.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Deep Vein Thrombosis is a condition where you have a blood clot in a vein inside a muscle. If the clot reaches your lungs, it becomes a pulmonary embolism.
DVT can be caused by many factors including damaged vein valves, genetic disorders, and extended periods of inactivity.
DVT can result in swelling of blood vessels in your legs and varicose veins. You should act fast when you have deep vein thrombosis or else you risk fluid leaking into other tissues which can cause the skin to fall off in the affected area.