Meniere’s disease is a chronic condition that affects the inner ear. This condition presents with spells of dizziness (vertigo) and loss of hearing. Meniere’s disease commonly affects one ear, but both ears may be affected in rare cases. In Idaho Falls, Meniere’s disease can affect a person of any age, but the diseases commonly start in early adulthood.
Meniere’s disease is diagnosed through a medical history and physical examination, and the doctor may conduct further tests to confirm the diagnosis. This condition is lifelong, but symptomatic treatment is available through biomechanics in Idaho Falls, which helps you lead a comfortable life while living with this condition.
How Does Meniere’s Disease Present?
The symptoms of Meniere’s disease include sudden vertigo that can last for many hours but rarely exceeds one day. The episodes of vertigo can recur many times in one day and then stops spontaneously. Vertigo may be associated with a feeling of nausea. Meniere’s disease also causes loss of hearing, which can be temporary, but eventually, most people develop permanent hearing loss.
When you have Meniere’s disease, you may experience ringing or buzzing of ears, known as tinnitus. Sometimes you can feel fullness and pressure in your ear. These symptoms may disappear for some time but will eventually recur with varying frequency. You should seek medical attention if you experience these symptoms to get treatment at an early stage and avoid the complications of the disease.
The criteria for diagnosing Meniere’s disease include two or more vertigo episodes that last for more than twenty minutes but less than twelve hours and confirmation of hearing loss through a valid test. The diagnosis also relies on having tinnitus or fullness in the ear for more than a year and excluding all other possible differential diagnoses. If untreated, this condition’s complications include permanent hearing loss and loss of balance that puts you at risk of falls and other accidents. You can also suffer from excess fatigue and stress.
What Causes Meniere’s Disease?
The exact cause of Meniere’s disease is not known, but the accumulation of excess endolymph fluid in the inner ear contributes to the condition. Some of the reasons why excess fluid may accumulate in the inner ear include anatomical abnormalities that cause blockage of the drainage routes of the endolymph.
Meniere’s disease also runs in families, and having first degree relatives with the condition puts you at risk of developing the condition. In some people, excess accumulation of endolymph occurs after they get a viral infection and due to abnormalities of their immune system responses. Having a combination of these risk factors likely multiplies your risk of getting Meniere’s disease.
How Can You Cope with Meniere’s Disease?
When you are having an episode of Meniere’s disease, there are some things that you can do to reduce the severity of the attack. When you feel dizzy, it is advisable to lie down or sit down and avoid making sudden movements. Focusing on a stationary object and avoiding bright light and watching the television also reduce dizziness. Rest after the attack, and do not try to do stressful work.
Always keep in mind that you might lose balance after an attack and avoid driving or walking in the darkness. You can use a walking stick to help you keep balance. To avoid getting another attack avoid smoking, drinking alcohol, and caffeine because these substances affect the amount of fluid in your inner ear. Reduce your salt intake because a lot of salt causes fluid accumulation. Join a support group to learn how to cope with the condition.
Meniere’s disease is a chronic condition caused by the accumulation of excess fluid in your inner ear. The condition presents with dizziness, vertigo, ringing inside the ears, and hearing loss. The condition has no cure, but symptomatic treatment helps you to lead a comfortable life while living with this condition.